WRITING – Biography

What is a biography?

Things to consider researching:

  • Name
  • D.O.B / Death
  • Height / Weight
  • Nationality
  • Place of Birth
  • Education
  • Hobbies / Interest
  • Holidays / Special events
  • Quotes
  • Other interesting facts

Remember to write down all your references.

Here is a template to help you with the structure of writing a Biography.

How To Structure a Biography

Biography Example

Found – Writing Prompt

Hero Award

The Box

Letter Writing

Write a letter to Ant Mair and his staff thanking them for a wonderful camp.

  • Include 4 activities or things you loved about camp and why.
  • A thank you for having us
  • Any other nice comments

Camp Address:

Camp Norval

204-232 Grampians Road

Halls Gap

VIC                                                3381


School Address:

Your Name

Apollo Parkways Primary School

31 – 43 Civic Drive,
VIC                                                3088

Biography about a class mate

  • Name
  • D.O.B
  • Family members
  • Nationality
  • Place of Birth
  • Education
  • Hobbies / Interest
  • Quotes
  • Other interesting facts; have they traveled? do they have a pet? do they attend a sport/dancing? What are their likes/dislikes? etc……

WRITING Leaders – Biographies


Some helpful links:




What is a biography?

What features are included in a biography?

Begin researching a famous world leader from this list:

Mahatma Gandhi

Nelson Mandela

Martin Luther King Jr.

Abraham Lincoln

George Washington

John F Kennedy

Rosa Parks

Malala Yousafzai

Sir Richard Branson

Bill Gates

Steve Jobs

Elon Musk

Things to consider researching:

  • Name
  • D.O.B / Death
  • Height / Weight
  • Nationality
  • Place of Birth
  • Education
  • Hobbies / Interest
  • Why they are famous?
  • What have they achieved?
  • Quotes
  • Other interesting facts

Remember to write down all your references.

Here is a template to help you with the structure of writing a Biography.

How To Structure a Biography

Biography Example

Genre: Explanation Texts


Someone who wants to understand a process or an event


To help someone understand the process or why something is, how something works or has happened.

Text organisation


Often used How or Why or other questions

A beginning

Opening paragraph tells the reader what is being explained .
Use a hook, such as question, to encourage the reader to read more
Try : Have you ever heard of…? Why is the … ? Everybody has heard of …


Can be several paragraphs

Described in time order or cause and effect , so chunk up the information into clear logical paragraphs, with a lead sentence.
Other paragraph can be related reasons
Subheadings can be used for clarity

Can use labelled diagrams


Sum up with and an engaging conclusion
Try a linked interesting fact e.g. 50% of …
Try these phrases: The most effective… One suggestion is… Perhaps the answer is…

Language features

  •   Formal language
  •   Present tense (unless explaining a historical topic)
  •   Time, sequenced based connectives; when, next , at first, after a while, several months later,before, during, finally, eventually
  •   Causal connectives: if, then, when, because, so, since, therefore, this allows, this enables,consequently, another reason, this can be explained by, owing to the fact that, on the otherhand
  •   Generalisations: usually, typically, a few, some, the main feature, the majority, many, all, most,
  •   Relate subject to the reader – Have you ever noticed…?
  •   Detail to help understand points – often in the form of information and facts. You will needunderstand and have good facts to help you.
  •   Technical vocabulary

Express it

  •   Use varied sentence lengths, short ones to make key points and complex sentences
  •   Use different types of sentence openers see A Q V C S O A P section to give you ideas
  •   Use descriptive language – to illustrate key points
  •   Check it flows properly, by reading it aloud.
  •   Check the details keep your reader interested.


Science: How does gravity work?

Geography: What happens when a volcano erupts?

DT. How a torch works.

Read as a writer and see if you can read examples of this genre and “magpie” good phrases and techniques .


Information Report

A Planet Report

Getting Started:
First, get to know about your planet. Read as much information about the planet as you can find. Try both the Internet and the library; try the NASA web site, Zoom Astronomy, Nine Planets, a good search engine, an encyclopedia, and individual books on astronomy and the Solar System.

As you’re reading about your planet, take notes on key information, such as your planet’s size, temperature range, its position in the Solar System, moons, atmosphere, any unusual features, when it was discovered, etc. A graphic organizer can be useful for this.

The Structure of the Planet Report:
Start your report with an introductory paragraph that states the main ideas that you will be writing about. Then write at least four to five paragraphs that clearly describe your planet. Each paragraph should cover one topic (for example, you should have one paragraph that covers the planet’s location in the Solar System, how far it is from the Sun, and how long its year is). End the report with a closing paragraph that summarizes what you wrote and learned.

Finally, cite your references (see the section below on formats for your bibliography).

Check that your grammar, spelling, and punctuation are correct. Make sure to use complete sentences and write neatly! Define any technical terms that you use. Proofread your report for errors before you hand it in — do not hand in a rough draft.

Topics to Research and Include in Your Report:
When you write your report, try to answer as many of the following questions as you can:

  • The Planet’s Name: What does its name mean? Many planets were named after mythological gods.
  • Position in the Solar System: Where is your planet located (for example, Mars in the fourth planet from the Sun)? How far from the Sun does it orbit. Is its orbit unusual?
  • Rotation on its Axis: How long does it take for your planet to rotate on its own axis? (This is one day on your planet.)
  • Size: How big is your planet? How does it rate in terms of the other planets in terms of size (is it the biggest, the smallest)? What is your planet’s mass?
  • Gravity: What is the force of gravity at the surface of your planet? For example, what would a 60kg person weigh on that planet?
  • Orbit: How long does it take for your planet to orbit the Sun? (This is one year on your planet.)
  • Atmosphere: What is the composition of the atmosphere of your planet? Is it a thick or a thin atmosphere?
  • Temperature: What is the temperature range your planet? How does this compare to the temperature on Earth?
  • Composition of Your Planet and its Appearance: What type of planet is it (is it rocky or a gas giant)? What is its internal composition? What does your planet look like?
  • Moons: If there are moons orbiting your planet, describe them and when they were discovered.
  • Rings: If there are rings orbiting your planet, describe them and when they were discovered.
  • How Would a Human Being Fare on Your Planet: On your planet, would a person choke in the atmosphere, be squashed by the extreme gravity, float with ease, freeze, burn up, or something else?
  • Something Special: Is there anything special about your planet? This can often be the best part of the report, taking you off on interesting topics. For example, are there 100-year-long storms on your planet? Are there giant volcanos? Does your planet have a very tilted axis (giving it extreme seasons)? Have spacecraft visited your planet? If so, what have they discovered? Is your planet in an orbital resonance with another body?
  • Discovery of Your Planet: The planets that are not visible using the naked eye were discovered after the invention of the telescope (these are Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto). Tell when your planet was discovered and by whom.

Citing Your References: When you write your bibliography, list all of your references. Formats for each type of publication follows (there are different formats for different media):

  • Web Site: Author(s) if appropriate. Title of Site or web page. URL of site, date of publication (the earliest copyright year listed).
  • Book: Author(s). Title of book. Edition. Location of publisher: Name of Publisher, year of publication.
  • Encyclopedia: Title of encyclopedia, volume of encyclopedia used. Location of publisher: Name of Publisher, year of publication, pages where the article is located.
  • Magazine or Journal: Author(s). “Title of article.” Name of magazine, Volume.issue (date): pages where the article is located.

Author(s) are listed last name first, first name or initials (as cited in the publication).

For example: ZoomAstronomy.com would be cited as follows:

Col, Jeananda. ZoomAstronomy.com. http://www.ZoomAstronomy.com 1999.

The Following is a Rubric For Assessing each Part of Your Research Report:

. Beginning
Introduction Disorganized, no information on what is to come Gives too little information. Summarizes report Concise, well-written introduction .
Research Part 1 (the planet’s name, position in the Solar System, its size, mass, gravity at the surface, orbit, length of year and day) Does not cover all appropriate topics Covers some of the appropriate topics. Covers most of the appropriate topics. All appropriate topics covered well. Also includes interesting facts. .
Research Part 2 (the planet’s atmosphere, temperature range, internal composition, moons, rings, how a person would fare on the planet, discovery, unusual features, etc.) Does not cover all appropriate topics Covers some of the appropriate topics. Covers most of the appropriate topics. All appropriate topics covered well. Also includes interesting facts. .
Spelling/Grammar Many spelling and grammatical errors A few errors Only one or two errors Spelling and grammar perfect .
Presentation Illegible, messy Almost illegible Legible writing, accompanying illustrations Well organized presentation, typed or written using a word processor, accompanying illustrations .
References No references A single reference, incomplete citation Several references with incomplete citations Many references, listed in appropriate format .
Timeliness Over a week late A week late A day or two late Handed in on time .

Information Report

Image result for chihuahua

Research about the Chihuahua breed.

Record your findings on your planner.

DO NOT COPY CHUNKS FROM THE WEB – read first and write down the important information you took from the source

When you are armed with lots of information then you will organise it into a report (handwritten first) then publish using your an app of your choice.
HOW DO YOU WRITE AN INFORMATION REPORT?  We will go through this carefully together.

Hero Award


Write your own persuasive text to respect to the question – Should animals be kept in zoos?

Here are a list of possible arguments. Copy and paste them into a Pages document. Arrange them into FOR  and AGAINST columns. Which ones will you use to help support your opinion. Remember you are trying to persuade the reader to form the same opinion as you. You are to convince the reader to agree with you.

Zoos breed animals, which may become extinct.
In captivity, some almost extinct animals have been bred in zoos and then let free into the wild.

Zoos now exhibit animals in enclosures which look like their natural habitat, rather than in cages.

Zoos can’t teach respect for the environment because they don’t treat animals with respect.

Zoos educate the public about how we have to get on with animals.

Zoos are a form of family entertainment.

It is now harder to touch and see animals in the wild.

Some zoos now try to make their visitors work to make the world better for animals.

Zoos provide a safe home and regular meals for the animals.

Creatures in zoos are caged and unable to grow properly.

Seeing animals in zoos will make people think that it is right to keep wild animals in captivity.


Write your own persuasive text to answer this question about zoo animals.

Introduction (state your opinion clearly at the beginning)

Reasons – give at least 3 reasons and examples

Conclusion (summarise all of your reasons here)



Ideas for Persuasive Essays

1. Students should be required to wear uniforms.
2. Skateboards should be allowed on sidewalks.
3. Animals should not be used for science experiments.
4. Pets should be adopted from a shelter instead of a pet store.
5. Animals should not be kept in cages.
6. People should be allowed to keep exotic animals like chimpanzees or tigers.
7. More should be done to protect and preserve endangered animals.

9. Girls should be allowed to play on boys’ sports teams.

10. Television is a bad influence.

11. Schools should offer fast food options like McDonalds
13. Schools should start later/earlier in the morning.


Narrative Writing – Challenge

Narrative – Challenge Example

Character Traits

Sensory Word List

Words for SAID




Figurative Language

Famous Scientists

Discussion Writing – Links to Breaking News…

The news today (Monday 31st March) has sparked discussion for footy families around the country with the AFL’s proposal for UNDER 10 leagues to be forced to play with no scoreboard, ladders or match results. They say they aim to promote participation rather than competition. Click on the HERALD SUN IMAGE to be transferred to today’s article online.

Now plan and compose your discussion piece…




Verb Tenses

See the English/Grammar page for your task this week

The various verb tenses allow a speaker or writer to be very specific, not just about when an action occurs, but about whether that action occurs regularly, comes before another action, just keeps going on, or happens once and not again. Verb tenses allow verbs to be very powerful. But even when students need to know and understand the verb tenses list, it still takes practice using verb tenses exercises before the correct formation and use of these tenses comes naturally to students. Try making your own list of past, present, and future verbs to help learn the verb tenses!

This verb tenses list summarizes all the tenses for regular verbs:

  1. Past Tense
    • Simple (merely happened at some indefinite time in the past) – I talked.
    • Perfect (action that started and finished in the past) – I had talked.
    • Progressive (ongoing action that happened sometime in the past) – I was talking.
    • Perfect Progressive (ongoing action that started, continued, and finally stopped in the past) – I had been talking.
  2. Present Tense
    • Simple (considered to be happening right now, or which happens regularly) – I talk.
    • Perfect (a finished action, viewed from right now) – I have talked.
    • Progressive (action continuing at this moment, or which starts and goes on for a while, on a regular basis) – I am talking.
    • Perfect Progressive (ongoing action that has recently finished) – I have been talking.
  3. Future Tense
    • Simple (will happen in the future) – I will talk.
    • Perfect (will start and finish in the future, before a second action takes place) – I will have talked.
    • Progressive (will start and continue in the future) – I will be talking.
    • Perfect Progressive (will start and continue in the future, before a specific time) – I will have been talking.

Source of image and text – http://www.spellingcity.com/verb-tenses.html

iscussion Text Type

Structure and Language Features of a Discussion Text

Discussion Example – Compare and Contrast

PURPOSE: A discussion presents differing opinions, view points or perspectives on an issue, enabling the reader to explore different ideas before making an informed decision.



  1. statement of position supplying necessary background information. This introduction recognises that there are two points of view.
  2. Arguments for and supporting evidence. This may include researching, surveying or interviewing people.
  3. Arguments against and supporting evidence.
  4. A recommendation or conclusion. This final paragraph sums up both sides of the argument.


Connectives (linking words) firstly, on the other hand, consequently, however, although, nevertheless, despite, since, therefore, indeed, meanwhile, as a result, in addition, it would seem, even though, moreover, instead, whereas,

Sensing Verbs (used to express opinions) believe, hope, know, trust protect, argue, consider, judging, confirm, fear, feeling, reassurance, sense, feel,

Noun groups, member of the family, owners of the local shops, staff at a nearby primary school

Modality (the degree of certainty) possibly, may, might, definitely

Autobiographical Recount Proforma


Revising process


Biography – Recount Text Type

A biography is a…add definition here……..

Biography Sampler

Biography Data Chart on Famous Scientist

Create an online draft



Information Report

An information report is a factual text, which means it provides information about something. An information report is used as a way to gain a better understanding about a living or non-living subject. An information report:

  • uses facts to explain something
  • gives details about a topic
  • does not contain personal views
  • is usually written, but can also be presented orally (spoken).



Formal written information reports usually follow a very specific structure. The first part of an information report is the title, or heading, of the report. This will tell the reader what topic is covered in the report.

The first introductory paragraph, known as the classification, explains the aspects of the topic that will be covered in the report.

The following information is contained in the body paragraphs. This is where the topic of the report is covered in more detail. These paragraphs use factual information to give the reader a better understanding of the topic. Often, these paragraphs are broken up by sub-headings to help organise the information.

The conclusion of an information report gives any final details or facts about the topic. It may also be used to review what the report was about.

Visual elements are important because they help the reader to understand the topic better. Visual elements can include drawings, photographs, graphs, maps or diagrams.

glossary is often put at the end of an information report. A glossary is a list of technical words used in the report and their definitions.

The bibliography is a list of resources like books, magazines and websites, which were used to help write the information report.

Language Features

  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Adjectives
  • Present tense verbs
  • Adverbs
  • Adverbial phrases


Some examples include








Creating an information report

The first step in preparing an information report is to choose the topic of the report. Then you will need to research the topic. Textbooks, websites, an encyclopaedia and other information reports are good places to gather information. You might also want to look for pictures and diagrams to use in your report.

Once you have the information, you will need to organise it into the structure of an information report. It is also important to make a list of any important words to use in the glossary. Information reports are generally written in the present tense.

When you have finished writing the report, read it again to make sure that ituses factsgives details, and does not contain personal views. Always check your text for correct spelling, grammar and punctuation.

Info Report – Planner 1 or Info Report – Planner 2


The content in this page can be located in more detail on the SKWIRK websitealong with details of the other five text types in writing. The image is from the ‘Writing Fun’ website.

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